Mt. Vernon, Lawrence County
Tomato Field Day Handouts
SW CTR Grazing Dairy
Email: Carla Rathmann
Email: Andy Thomas
Dr. Mike Collins, bio
14548 Highway H
Mt. Vernon, MO 65712
Southwest Center RUMINATIONS
July - September, 2008
Vol. 14, No. 3
New Vineyard Established at SW Center
by Andrew L. Thomas
After a hiatus of more than 20 years, grapes are once again growing at
the Southwest Center. Two studies involving the promising wine-grape
cultivar `Chambourcin' were planted this summer, with a third study
slated for installation next winter.
The new vineyard, located just north of Hwy. H across from the
Southwest Center headquarters building, covers two acres and will
eventually contain nearly 1,000 plants. This is an ambitious and
costly project made possible by a number of very generous donors (see
sidebar), and with direction and cooperation from the Institute for
Continental Climate V i t i - culture and Enology (ICCVE), located on
the MU campus in Columbia.
Missouri now has about 78 wineries with more opening every year as the
quality and distinctiveness of Missouri wines continue to improve.
Wine tasting and "agri-tourism" are becoming increasingly popular in
Missouri, as is the interest in locally-produced, value-added
agricultural products such as wine and grape juice.
In order to meet this increasing demand for highquality grapes and
grape products in Missouri, we must entice new producers to enter the
market while encouraging established producers to expand and improve
production. Both basic and cutting-edge research conducted by the
University will help provide the scientifically-based guidance needed
to make grapes a major commodity in Missouri once again.
Chambourcin is a very promising grape cultivar for Missouri, and
especially southwest Missouri. It is a European / American
interspecific hybrid that was developed in France by Joannes Seyve,
and released in 1963. Its pedigree is uncertain, but is believed to be
based on Seibel hybrids and a number of undetermined American grape
species. Chambourcin is a highyielding, cold-hardy grape with good
resistance to fungal disease that produces a deep colored, full-bodied
red wine. It has been widely planted in France, Australia,
southeastern Canada, northeastern USA, and increasingly in the
midwestern USA. One source estimates that there are now about 800
acres of Chambourcin in the US - well, make that 802.
The first of the three studies will evaluate the performance of
Chambourcin grafted onto 11 experimental rootstocks versus self-rooted
(ungrafted) plants. The second study is an evaluation of Chambourcin
either self-rooted or grafted onto three promising rootstocks (1103P,
3309C, SO4) in combination with three irrigation regimens. The third
experiment (to be planted next winter) will be an establishment study
comparing the effectiveness of several training methods that can be
utilized to bring grapevines into production.
We hope to begin harvesting grapes in 2010, with full production a few
years later. We also look forward to eventually expanding our grape
and vineyard research beyond this initial two acres into additional
cultivars and production techniques.
As Missouri's grape and wine industry continues to develop, the
University looks forward to conducting research guided by the needs
and demands of our grape and wine producers.
| ||A young ‘Chambourcin’ grapevine recently planted as part of a new long-term grape research project at the SW Center.|
| ||Justin Robertson (ICCVE employee) and Angel Ramsey (MU graduate student) carefully hand plant grape vines.|
| ||The nearly completed vineyard; still awaiting installation of end anchors and wires for trellises.|
The Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station is the research arm of the
College of Agriculture, Food and Natural
at the University of Missouri-Columbia
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